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What You Need To Know About Homework and How to Help Your Child< Sujet précédent  Sujet suivant >
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dankeegan54
Posté le 10/12/2021 07:42  
What You Need To Know About Homework and How to Help Your Child
Many parents and educators view homework as an important indicator of classroom rigor. The Back-to-Basic movement, which emphasizes the need for schools to teach basic academic skills in particular, has increased the emphasis on homework as a measure of a school's success.

In fact, many parents and students judge the difficulty of a course or teacher by the amount of homework assigned. Additionally, many educators believe that asking parents to help their children with homework is a particularly effective strategy for improving children's achievement.

Many parents also agree that their involvement will make a positive difference. In a 2014 study by the U.S. Department of Education, 90% of parents reported that they reserved a place at home for their children to do homework, and 85% reported that they verified that homework was completed. had completed.

But does best assignment help really improve student achievement? As a high school and college teacher who has assigned homework and a mother of two children who weren't always very enthusiastic about completing homework, I have studied the many ways families of different income levels support their children's academic success.

I have come to believe that homework can not only improve children's performance, but it can also be a powerful parenting opportunity. But the research also tells us that it is not just any task that will have that kind of impact.

This is what we are learning about homework.

When parental involvement helps

Despite the widespread belief that parental involvement in homework is good for children, researchers are finding that it can have both positive and negative effects.

In 2008, three researchers, Erika A Patall, Harris Cooper, and Jorgianne Civey Robinson, conducted an extensive review of research on the effects of parental involvement in homework on students. They found that the effects of parental involvement appear to be strongly influenced by four factors:

• the nature of the assigned task
• the particular engagement strategy used by parents
• the child's age and skill level
• time and skill resources at home.

The researchers found that homework assignments in which students are expected to memorize data and parents are expected to teach school skills provide less meaningful opportunities for parent-student interaction in the learning process.

In contrast, homework assignments in which students choose a project that requires deep research, thought, and some creative license allow for meaningful parental involvement. Parents can play a supportive role by discussing the project with their child, which is more enjoyable for both the child and the parents.

For example, students can demonstrate math skills; share ideas and get reactions to written work or math homework help; conduct surveys or interviews; collect memories and experiences of parents; apply school skills to real life; or working with parents or other family partners in new ways.

Parenting Strategies

Furthermore, the way parents help their children with homework appears to have different effects on student achievement.
Most parents engage in a wide variety of engagement strategies, such as creating "school-like routines" in which they set rules about when, where, or how homework is done. They also interact with the teacher about homework and provide general supervision or monitoring of homework completion.

In some cases, parents control these structures; in others, parents follow the example of the student.

For example, parents may be involved in learning processes with the child (eg, participating in homework with the child or in processes that support the child's understanding of homework). Parents can also help their child learn self-control skills (for example, coping with distractions).

The strategies parents use may vary based on their parenting beliefs and broader cultural values. However, these different parental involvement strategies appear to have different effects on student achievement.

Strategies that support a child's autonomy and also provide structure in the form of clear and consistent guidelines appear to be the most beneficial.

For example, in a 2001 study, researchers reported that parental involvement in tasks that supported autonomy was associated with higher scores on standardized tests, class grades, and task completion.

In contrast, direct help (doing homework for the student) was associated with lower test and class scores.

In another study, students reported that parental involvement in homework had a detrimental effect if the parent tried to help without a request from the child or if the child perceived it as intrusive or controlling.

Age Matters

Researchers have also noted that a child's age and skill level strongly influence the amount of homework helper parents provide and subsequent benefits to the child.

Parents reported spending more time helping their elementary school kids with homework than their middle school kids. Parents of low-ability students reported spending more time helping with homework than parents of high-ability students.

While teachers and parents of elementary-aged children were more likely to work together to help students complete their assignments, parents of high school students often did not supervise their teens' homework as closely as they did. when their children were younger. This, in part, is because secondary school teachers did not expect or ask for it.

What can Educators do?

These research findings have important implications for how teachers design homework assignments and how parents and teachers can participate in the homework process.

First, students (and parents) need to know why they should be doing a particular task. What skill is to be practiced / reinforced? Why is this skill important?

Teachers must explicitly communicate the purpose of a particular task and emphasize how the skills they are learning on a task can be applied in the real world.

Second, educators must design homework assignments that are more meaningful and allow for creativity. Students should be able to choose how to carry out an assignment.

Third, students have different learning styles and educators need to consider how they might need to express their learning differently (through audiotapes, videotapes, posters, and oral presentations rather than the standard written report).

Fourth, teachers must design interactive homework assignments that engage students in interactions with their peers and with family and community members. For example, authors Alma Flor Ada and F Isabel Campoy have developed an approach to creating family storybooks that are used as reading and writing texts in the classroom.

Homework is a daily activity for most students that requires time, energy, and excitement, not only for the students but also for their families. Given these investments, it is important that homework is a more beneficial learning experience, in which parents can also bring their interesting and enriching skills to bear.

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